Understanding Why Squirrels Are Attracted to Bird Feeders and How to Manage Them

Bird feeders have long been a source of joy and entertainment for bird enthusiasts. However, it’s not uncommon to find squirrels also taking advantage of the abundant food supply. In this blog post, we will explore why squirrels are attracted to bird feeders, how they may affect bird feeding dynamics, and provide practical solutions to keep squirrels at bay while still providing for our feathered friends.

Why Are Squirrels Attracted to Bird Feeders?

Squirrels are drawn to bird feeders for several reasons:

1. Abundance of Food: Bird feeders offer a readily available source of food, including seeds, nuts, and grains. Squirrels are opportunistic eaters and are quick to capitalize on these easily accessible resources.

2. Nutritional Value: Bird seeds and other food found in feeders are rich in proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. Squirrels recognize the high nutritional value and are motivated to indulge in these offerings.

3. Easy Access: Many bird feeders are designed to accommodate small birds, making it relatively simple for agile squirrels to climb, jump, or even hang upside down to access the food.

How Do I Keep Squirrels Off My Bird Feeder?

Squirrel-proofing your bird feeder can be a challenge, but it’s not impossible. Here are a few effective strategies to keep squirrels away:

1. Invest in a Squirrel-Proof Feeder: Choose a feeder specifically designed to deter squirrels, such as those with weight-activated mechanisms or cages that allow only small birds to access the food.

2. Position the Feeder Carefully: Place the feeder in a location that is difficult for squirrels to reach, such as away from trees, fences, or any other objects they can use to leap onto the feeder.

3. Use Squirrel Baffles or Guards: Install squirrel baffles or guards on poles or hanging systems to prevent squirrels from climbing or jumping onto the feeder.

Should I Let Squirrels Eat Bird Seed?

Allowing squirrels to eat bird seed is a personal choice. However, it’s essential to consider the potential consequences:

1. Seed Depletion: Squirrels are voracious eaters and can quickly deplete your bird seed supply, leaving less available for the intended avian visitors.

2. Squirrel Dominance: In some cases, squirrels can dominate bird feeders, preventing birds from accessing the food and disrupting the natural feeding dynamics.

Do Squirrels Affect Birds?

While squirrels and birds can coexist in the same habitat, there are a few potential impacts squirrels can have on birds:

1. Intimidation and Disruption: Aggressive squirrel behavior can intimidate smaller birds, causing them to avoid the feeder or be constantly on edge while feeding.

2. Nest Disruption: Squirrels may attempt to raid bird nests for eggs or young birds, posing a threat to nesting populations.

How Do I Keep Squirrels from Eating My Suet?

Suet is a high-energy food that is especially attractive to squirrels. To prevent them from consuming it all, consider the following measures:

1. Use a Squirrel-Proof Suet Feeder: Similar to seed feeders, squirrel-proof suet feeders are available. Look for designs that make it difficult for squirrels to access the suet while still allowing birds to feed.

2. Hot Pepper Treatments: Apply a hot pepper-based suet or a pepper spray deterrent on the suet. Birds are generally unaffected by the heat, but squirrels find it unappealing.

What Do Squirrels Eat That Birds Don’t?

Squirrels have a broader dietary range compared to birds. While birds primarily consume seeds, insects, fruits, and nectar, squirrels have a more omnivorous diet, including:

1. Nuts: Squirrels are well-known for their love of nuts, including acorns, walnuts, hazelnuts, and pecans.

2. Fungi: Squirrels also feed on various types of mushrooms and other fungi found in their natural habitat.

What Can I Feed Squirrels to Stop Them from Eating Bird Seed?

If you’re looking to provide an alternative food source for squirrels to divert their attention from bird feeders, consider the following options:

1. Squirrel Feeders: Install separate feeders designed specifically for squirrels, offering foods like corn, peanuts, or sunflower seeds. This can help keep them occupied and satisfied.

2. Squirrel-Proof Areas: Set up designated areas away from bird feeders where you can place squirrel-friendly food, such as a platform feeder or a scattering of nuts and seeds.


Understanding why squirrels are attracted to bird feeders and implementing effective strategies to manage their presence can help maintain a harmonious feeding environment for both squirrels and birds. By employing squirrel-proofing techniques and providing alternative food sources, we can strike a balance between our desire to enjoy bird watching and the natural behaviours of these persistent foragers.